On 20 December 1777, Morocco's Sultan Mohammed III declared that American merchant ships would be under the protection of the sultanate and could thus enjoy safe passage. [125] A sizeable portion of the population is identified as Haratin and Gnawa (or Gnaoua), West African or mixed race descendants of slaves, and Moriscos, European Muslims expelled from Spain and Portugal in the 17th century. [79] The Security Council has called upon the parties to enter into direct and unconditional negotiations to reach a mutually accepted political solution. All those civilisations have affected the social structure of Morocco. Some 350,000 civilians were reported as being involved in the "Green March". The call dealt with bilateral relations and the means to enhance them, in addition to reviewing a number of regional and international issues of common interest. However, Hassan declared a state of emergency and suspended parliament in 1965. The constitution of 1996 theoretically allowed the king to terminate the tenure of any minister, and after consultation with the heads of the higher and lower Assemblies, to dissolve the Parliament, suspend the constitution, call for new elections, or rule by decree. The area from Casablanca to Essaouira, on the Atlantic coast, receives between 300 mm and 500 mm. That is now changing: in the French-language weekly Gala, the Moroccan monarch lets his cards look for the first time. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. In Turkish, Morocco is known as Fas, a name derived from its ancient capital of Fes. Since 1957, the designation King has been used. [30] This ancient kingdom (not to be confused with the present state of Mauritania) dates at least to around 225 BC. That makes Morocco a country of contrasts. Qatar pledges support for refugee education … The southeastern regions, basically the driest areas, receive between 100 mm and 200 mm only, and consist basically of arid and desert lands. The most popular drink is "atai", green tea with mint leaves and other ingredients. They were followed by the Wattasids. Low-cost airlines offer cheap flights to the country. [67][68] This trade is unregulated and causing unknown reductions of wild populations of native Moroccan wildlife. According to data from the World Bank,[186] the present mortality rate is still very high, over seven times higher than in neighboring country Spain. Unissued / Unused material. This article incorporates text from a free content work. The al-Qarawiyin University, founded by Fatima al-Fihri in the city of Fez in 859 as a madrasa,[182] is considered by some sources, including UNESCO, to be the "oldest university of the world". Art and music festivals take place throughout the country during the summer months, among them the World Sacred Music Festival at Fès. The most commonly eaten red meat in Morocco is beef; lamb is preferred but is relatively expensive. Morocco later became a realm of the Northwest African civilisation of ancient Carthage as part of its empire. This is due to the diversity of climate and the precipitation patterns in the country. [157][158] This "Islamic architecture" of Morocco was part of a wider cultural and artistic complex, often referred to as "Moorish" art, which characterized Morocco, al-Andalus (Muslim Spain and Portugal), and parts of Algeria and even Tunisia. The government of Morocco sets up surveillance systems within the already existing healthcare system to monitor and collect data. This population is mostly elderly, with a decreasing number of young people. [151], According to a 2012 study by the Government of Spain, 98% of Moroccans spoke Moroccan Arabic, 63% spoke French, 43% Amazigh, 14% spoke English, and 10% spoke Spanish.[152]. The only time this happened was in 1965. [147] The 2004 population census reported that 28.1% of the population spoke Berber. However, the unity of Morocco did not survive his death—in the ensuing power struggles the tribes became a political and military force once again. Rock-influenced chaabi bands are widespread, as is trance music with historical origins in Islamic music. Livestock are raised and forests yield cork, cabinet wood, and building materials. nuqudy.com (2012-02-09)", "Morocco sets the goal of attracting 20 million tourists by 2020", "Yves Saint Laurent's Ashes Scattered In Marrakesh", http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0859768.html, http://taxsummaries.pwc.com/uk/taxsummaries/wwts.nsf/ID/Morocco-Corporate-Tax-credits-and-incentives, "Tanger Med Port Authority – Containers Activity", "Morocco – electricity production from coal sources", "Natural Gas to Fuel Morocco. Through Moroccan history, it has hosted many people coming from East (Phoenicians, Jews and Arabs), South (Sub-Saharan Africans) and North (Romans, Andalusians). The country's strategic location near the mouth of the Mediterranean attracted the interest of Europe, and in 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. North Central Morocco receives between 700 mm and up to 3500 mm. Moroccan literature then flourished with writers such as Mohamed Choukri, Driss Chraïbi, Mohamed Zafzaf and Driss El Khouri. [citation needed], The religious affiliation in the country was estimated by the Pew Forum in 2010 as 99% Muslim, with all remaining groups accounting for less than 1% of the population. Qatar pledges support for refugee education … In 2005, The government of Morocco approved two reforms to expand health insurance coverage. [24] A recent publication may demonstrate an even earlier habitation period, as Homo sapiens fossils discovered in the late 2000s near the Atlantic coast in Jebel Irhoud were recently dated to roughly 315,000 years before present. During the 1950s and 1960s, Morocco was a refuge and artistic centre and attracted writers as Paul Bowles, Tennessee Williams and William S. Burroughs. [citation needed] The Moroccan-Dutch Badr Hari, heavyweight kickboxer and martial artist, is a former K-1 heavyweight champion and K-1 World Grand Prix 2008 and 2009 finalist. Translation: "His Majesty, King Mohammed VI, with the help of God, successfully underwent an operation on Monday, 26 February 2018.His Majesty the king … The 54-year-old King and 39-year-old Princess proclaimed their … His Highness the Amir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani held a telephone conversation with King Mohamed VI of Morocco Sunday evening. The following year, Sultan Mohammed drops his traditional title in favour of calling himself malik, or king of Morocco. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. The constitution grants the king honorific powers (among other powers); he is both the secular political leader and the "Commander of the Faithful" as a direct descendant of the Prophet Mohammed. The third generation is that of writers of the sixties. RELATED ARTICLES. The industries that recorded the highest growth are tourism, telecoms, information technology, and textile. In the 15th century, the Reconquista ended Muslim rule in Iberia and many Muslims and Jews fled to Morocco.[37]. [138][139][140][141], The most recent estimates put the size of the Casablanca Jewish community at about 2,500,[142] and the Rabat and Marrakesh Jewish communities at about 100 members each. [137] The number of the Moroccans who converted to Christianity (most of them secret worshippers) are estimated between 8,000 and 50,000. "Kahena, Queen of the Berbers: A Sketch of the Arab Invasion of Ifriqiya in the First Century of the Hijra". Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sephardi Jews, West African and European influences. King Mohammed of Morocco, one of the world’s richest monarchs, has bought a mansion by the Eiffel Tower from the Saudi royal family for a figure said to be over €80 million.Mohammed, 57, whose Since the first technopark was established in Rabat in 2005, a second has been set up in Casablanca, followed, in 2015, by a third in Tangers. Morocco deported hundreds of the illegal migrants. Government reforms and steady yearly growth in the region of 4–5% from 2000 to 2007, including 4.9% year-on-year growth in 2003–2007 helped the Moroccan economy to become much more robust compared to a few years earlier. Countries or regions that share the same climatic characteristics with Morocco are the state of California (USA), Portugal, Spain and Algeria. The first monarch to take the title of King in Morocco was Mohammed V at independence of the country. (QNA) RELATED ARTICLES. It is the first phase of what is planned to eventually be a 1,500 kilometeres (930 mi) high-speed rail network in Morocco. The reign of Ahmad al-Mansur brought new wealth and prestige to the Sultanate, and a large expedition to West Africa inflicted a crushing defeat on the Songhay Empire in 1591. [114] According to a French Ministry of the Interior 2006 report, 80% of the cannabis resin (hashish) consumed in Europe comes from the Rif region in Morocco, which is mostly mountainous terrain in the north of Morocco, also hosting plains that are very fertile and expanding from Melwiyya River and Ras Kebdana in the East to Tangier and Cape Spartel in the West. In 1968, the first Mediterranean Film Festival was held in Tangier. In 1986, Morocco became the first Arab and African country to qualify for the second round of the FIFA World Cup. A large part of Morocco is mountainous. LS coffin being borne from the Royal Palace. Part of the maritime population fishes for its livelihood. In May 2009, Morocco's prime minister, Abbas El Fassi, announced greater support for science during a meeting at the National Centre for Scientific and Technical Research. By the same treaty, Spain assumed the role of protecting power over the northern and southern Saharan zones. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. [150] A significant portion of northern Morocco receives Spanish media, television signal and radio airwaves, which reportedly facilitate competence in the language in the region. 84. This article is about the country in North Africa. King of Morocco; Coat of arms of Morocco. [185] The first reform was a mandatory health insurance plan for public and private sector employees to expand coverage from 16 percent of the population to 30 percent. In 1971, there was a failed attempt to depose the king and establish a republic. Popular Western forms of music are becoming increasingly popular in Morocco, such as fusion, rock, country, metal and, in particular, hip hop. The Almohad Caliph Abu Yakub had a great love for collecting books. Of these foreign-born residents, most were of French origin, followed by individuals mainly from various nations in West Africa and Algeria. The government is encouraging public institutions to engage with citizens in innovation. Prime. [179] In September 2006, UNESCO awarded Morocco amongst other countries such as Cuba, Pakistan, India and Turkey the "UNESCO 2006 Literacy Prize".[180]. The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, which started in the middle of the 7th century, was achieved by the Umayyad Caliphate early into the following century. The prolonged war was a considerable financial drain on Morocco. In the valleys, fertile soils and high precipitation allow for the growth of thick and lush forests. THE Moroccan king's wife Lalla Salma has been dubbed the "ghost princess" after she's barely been seen in public for two years. Parents of Morocco are selling their young sons for the sum of $3000. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a ceasefire in 1991. [135], Christians are estimated at 1% (~380,000) of the Moroccan population. The aim was to give universities greater financial autonomy from the government to make them more responsive to research needs and better able to forge links with the private sector, in the hope that this would nurture a culture of entrepreneurship in academia. The King of Morocco has reportedly forked out $94m (£72m) for a mansion house in the French capital, Paris, bought directly from its previous owners, the Saudi royal family. Compulsory military service in Morocco has been officially suspended since September 2006, and Morocco's reserve obligation lasts until age 50. The latter is in charge of bulk water supply to the aforementioned utilities, water distribution in about 500 small towns, as well as sewerage and wastewater treatment in 60 of these towns. Since improving the quality of education goes hand in hand with promoting research and development, the report also recommended developing an integrated national innovation system which would be financed by gradually increasing the share of GDP devoted to research and development (R&D) from 0.73% of GDP in 2010 ‘to 1% in the short term, 1.5% by 2025 and 2% by 2030’. The Rif Mountains are located in the north of the country. [127] There are also a number of foreign residents of Spanish origin. Following the March 1998 elections, a coalition government headed by opposition socialist leader Abderrahmane Youssoufi and composed largely of ministers drawn from opposition parties, was formed. [188] The Moroccan Plan was started by the Moroccan Minister of Health, Dr. El Houssaine Louardi, and Dr. Ala Alwan, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, on 13 November 2013 in Rabat. [57], Morocco is represented in the ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 geographical encoding standard by the symbol MA. Rabat – King Mohammed VI is poised to set the bar high for Morocco’s Western Sahara position, arguing that it is time to go beyond simply maintaining the current diplomatic headway. [118], Morocco has a population of around 36,029,093 inhabitants (2018 est.). The Roman Empire lost its remaining possessions in Mauretania after the area was devastated by the Vandals in AD 429. Far from being isolated from other historical artistic currents around them, the Berbers of Morocco (and across North Africa) adapted the forms and ideas of Islamic architecture to their own conditions and in turn contributed to the formation of Western Islamic art, particularly during their political domination of the region over the centuries of Almoravid, Almohad, and Marinid rule.[163][164]. In 2002, Morocco and Spain agreed to a US-brokered resolution over the disputed island of Perejil. The Majorelle botanical garden in Marrakech is a popular tourist attraction. The 57-year-old king was born in Rabat, Morocco. see also Sultans of Morocco. His Majesty the King, Mohammed VI, King of Morocco, is a descendent of the Alaouite offspring, originally from Yanboo Al Nakhil, a small oasis of the Arabian coast on the Red Sea. Based on World Bank data, the nation's maternal mortality ratio fell by 67% between 1990 and 2010. Orature (oral literature) is an integral part of Moroccan culture, be it in Moroccan Arabic or Berber. Coordinates: 32°N 6°W / 32°N 6°W / 32; -6. The Alaouite dynasty, or Alawite dynasty (Arabic: سلالة العلويين الفيلاليين‎, Sulālat al-ʿAlawiyyīn al-Fīlālīyn), is the current Moroccan royal family. Morocco is a member of the United Nations and belongs to the African Union (AU), Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Non-Aligned Movement and the Community of Sahel–Saharan States (CEN_SAD). This has improved since, however, and in 2017, Morocco was upgraded to being a "hybrid regime" according to the Democracy Index in 2017 and the Freedom of the Press report in 2017 found that Morocco was "partly free".[70]. [137] CelebsMoney has recently updated Mohammed VI of Morocco’s net worth. The Alaouites have ruled the Sultanate of Morocco, kept as Sultans during the French Protectorate of Morocco and the Spanish Protectorate of Morocco and ruled the Modern-day Kingdom of Morocco. [102], Agriculture in Morocco employs about 40% of the nation's workforce. Mauretania became a client kingdom of the Roman Empire in 33 BC. The Moroccan King was also recorded to have been very strong-willed with an astonishingly enduring physical strength and stamina. At the same time the Rif area of northern Morocco was raised under Spanish control. In 1904, France and Spain carved out zones of influence in Morocco. [112], Since the 7th century, Cannabis has been cultivated in the Rif Region. There have been substantial improvements in access to water supply, and to a lesser extent to sanitation, over the past fifteen years. In 1971, there was a failed attempt to depose the king and establish a republic. HMC’s Ambulance Service records 1.2 mn electronic patient encounters. 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