Q. That makes it one of the highest mortality rates among animals out there. The number of giraffes in the world is fast declining. Giraffes protect themselves from intruders with their legs. Giraffes are social animals that live in unstable herds of 10 to 20 individuals, although they can be up to 50 members. The only significant predator of the giraffe is the lion. Giraffes are hard-wired to never let their guard down for long. In some villages, those tails are used to create jewelry, collectibles for tourists, and even flyswatters for the huge mosquitoes out there. They also target pregnant females that are ready to give birth so they can’t move as swiftly. An ideal time for predators who want to catch a giraffe is when they drink water from rivers and streams. Many animals sleep very differently from humans, since they are at risk of becoming prey, but giraffes have more to fear than most. That makes them an easy target for a variety of predators including wild dogs, hyenas, leopards, and of course lions. Wild dogs and a crocodile will take down anything. While they only have one heart, it is an amazing two … They are a target only when another less dangerous prey is not available. They also try to attack when they are drinking so that their necks are at ground level. Giraffes have no claws, sharp tusks or pointed antlers to protect themselves, but any animal that lives in the wild in such conditions have adaptations that allow them to survive. They give deadly kicks, which more predators fear. The giraffes have been trained by keepers to have procedures done in their enclosure - like the foot treatment or have their blood taken. Predator-prey size relationships in an African large-mammal food web” (PDF). A Common School Book Explanation. Young giraffes sleep a lot during the first few weeks of life, which can make them an easy target for predators, such as wild dogs, hyenas, leopards and lions. Giraffes are the tallest land animal on Earth. Two at the back of the head and one in the center between the eyes. “It's all too easy to assume the correlation has to do with camouflage and protection from prey, but that is a mere conjecture.” A recent study found that juvenile giraffes with bigger, rounder spots appeared to have higher survival rates. Giraffes are truly unique animals. And as you can see further down in this article, some of the extinct relatives to the giraffe have four ossicones! The Creative Company, 2008. Lions are the primary predators of the Giraffe. Lions are the main predators of giraffes. If a giraffe ends up kicking a predator, it can be severely injured or killed so not so many predators dare to attack a giraffe unless they find a young or they are desperate for a meal, to the extent of risking their lives on it. well the giraffes are herbivores so they dont have prey, i dont know about predators The offspring, on the other hand, are always in danger but can camouflage in the vegetation and they grow very fast reaching soon twice the size of birth, which reduces the chance of being targeted by predators. They have the characteristic prey eyes on the sides of the skull to give them … Compared to other ruminants, giraffes have a “long” life expectancy of 15 to 25 years in the wild. The only significant predators of giraffes are lions, and they will look for the young and the weak giraffes first. More than half of giraffe calves never reach adulthood and lion predation may be the leading cause of death. Due to their height and their good vision, they warn other species of approaching danger, so animals like zebras and ostriches can also escape. What special senses do giraffes have? The only significant predator of the giraffe is the lion. These are their primary and most powerful weapons that save them from death. Something interesting information about their vulnerability to predators relates to their feeding habits. A lion will attack a giraffe for food if it is desperate for a meal since giraffes are not easy prey. The mothers strive to keep their young close to them but young giraffes are curious by nature, and that can cause them to end up being victims. Their large and heavy hooves can break the back of a lion. They have an excellent vision that allows them to react in time. A. Giraffes are just lickers, but they think it helps produce saliva, which helps with the whole rumination process. If a baby is caught off guard from the mother, and kind of meat eating animal can and will take it down. Young giraffes are curious, not as tall or as strong as an adult and make easy targets. One strange feeding behavior that has been noted in giraffes is that they also feed on bones, an action defined as osteophagy. See related questions for more information. As opposed to constantly being in grave danger out in the wild, giraffes are relatively safe while in captivity. Giraffes grow to be between 14 and 18 feet tall. Giraffes. Do Giraffes Have Two Hearts? now the giraffe has no prey do to the fact that it's a herbivore which is an animal that only eats plants. A. To avoid such acts, giraffes always take turns drinking water while others watch around them. Adult male giraffes don't have anything to do with the bringing-up of their babies, so once the female is pregnant, they go back to their separate lives. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); The most vulnerable time for a giraffe to fall prey to an attack is after it is born and is still very young. The coats are spectacular due to their thickness and the design of the different spots that each giraffe has. p. 194. Also, many of these animals become nothing but the trophy of hunter that want to say they have killed an exotic animal. With their brown spots and long neck they are easily one of the most easily identifiable animals. Because of their size, eyesight and powerful kicks, adult giraffes are usually not subject to predation, although lions may regularly prey on individuals up to 550 kg (1,210 lb). Despite being the tallest land animal in the world, the Giraffe is actually preyed upon by a number of large carnivores that co-inhabit the dry savannah. They are the tallest land animal on the planet and weights roughly 2,630 pounds (1,190kg). Giraffes prefer to eat new shoots and leaves, mainly from the thorny acacia tree. Giraffes do not hunt because they are herbivores, meaning they draw most of their nutrients from consuming plant matter. giraffes are herbivores, that means they only eat plants, like leaves from trees and grasses. Anthrax and rinderpest are diseases that not commonly or frequently attack them, but when an epizootic affect a population, some get temporarily blind and die. The internal parasites include the “Taenia solium” and the human whipworm (Trichuris trichiura). Grazers (Britannica Guide to Predators and Prey). Here’s a picture of an African giraffe from Tanzania photographed in 2012 during a safari trip. They are so large adult giraffes do not have a lot of natural enemies. Photo: Emily Smith / Flickr. Though not frequent targets for predation due to their size, superior senses, speed, and ability to perform dangerous kicks, giraffes are sometimes preyed upon by other animals. Lions and other big cats may prey upon individual giraffes, and Nile crocodiles may attack them when they … Giraffes have many predators such as lions, tigers, leopards, ect. Besides they also have an excellent sight so they can be long gone before a predator can get too close to them. Giraffes have good eyesight and this is their primary sense for detecting danger. Predators and prey both influence the distribution and abundance of each other, and are impacted by landscape features combined with atmospheric conditions. Hippos and giraffes are herbivores and do not prey on any animal. There aren’t enough resources to enforce the laws. They don’t fear falling prey to predators that would normally keep them on their toes. Giraffes rely on the vast open plains so that they can have the best view possible of their surroundings but if a predators does get too close, Giraffes kick their attacker with their large, heavy fee… Some giraffes have three ossicones. Journal of Animal Ecology. During this activity, the neck is near the ground so cats can attack them there. The long neck sways forward and back as they walk to help them keep their balance. When attacking, predators try to get the legs of the giraffes tangled up so that they fall to the ground. Lions and leopards usually choke their prey by the throat and crocodiles perform their “twist of death” to kill them almost instantaneously, but hyenas and wild dogs usually begin to eat before the giraffe is dead. Nicole Helget. They also believe that the tails of giraffes are good luck so that they try to get one. Britannica Educational Publishing. It’s a startling fact, but yes, giraffe populations … other predators include wild dogs, hyenas, leopards, and sadly humans who hunt them for their skin. For the giraffes, their risk does not end escaping from the dangerous animals, because their worst predators by far are humans. A lion will attack a giraffe for food if it is desperate for a meal since giraffes are not easy prey. Adult male giraffes are large and strong, so even lions don't usually go after them. The herds have females, offspring, young, and some males. They also target pregnant females that are ready to give birth so they can’t move as swiftly. Baby giraffes need a lot of rest during the first couple of weeks of life, and they do this lying down. 2. When the predators a herd of lions, there is not much probability that one will come out alive no matter how big it may be. Giraffe have some special adaptations that suit them to feeding high above the ground and on thorny vegetation. These giant herbivores sleep for an average of 4.5 hours every day in captivity, while still not sleeping more than a few minutes in one go. If the animal has a pack, they can all take down a giraffe together. Giraffes are the sentinels of the herbivorous species of wild Africa. Consider the case of giraffes and lions. When the predators a herd of lions, there is not much probability that one will come out alive no … predator prey relationships; ... Giraffes have two ways of getting around: walking and galloping.... they gave kind of an slow walk. The researchers suspected the reason no one heard giraffe communication was because the … 3. Why do they lick? To clear up the long neck conundrum, teachers at my high school took cues from Charles Darwin’s idea of natural selection and explained that, among the ancestral population of giraffes, there were some individuals that happened to have slightly longer necks than their fellow mates. First, they put all of their weight on the two right legs, then they put their weight on their two left legs, just like camels. They wrap their tongues around the tree branch and strip the leaves off. Giraffes may look peaceful, but they are not an easy prey. Giraffes do have a larynx (voice box), but perhaps they couldn't produce sufficient airflow through their 13-foot long (4 meter) trachea to vibrate their vocal folds and make noises.. The impact of a single kick in the head or a sensitive part of a predator is enough to kill it, but the experienced predators are extremely cautious, and therefore know the exact moment to attack. Because of this, giraffes are not the first choice of African carnivores when they are looking for food. Lions use the strength of the whole pride to catch their victim, but giraffes are also preyed upon by Leopards and Hyenas. Living in the African savannah surrounded by expert carnivorous hunters is a game of chance where anyone could loose. Bulls tend to feed at full stretch with their heads tipped upwards. The natives consider them a source of meat when others are scarce. Giraffes defend themselves against predators by kicking with either the fore or hind feet. 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